I’ve just returned from Ambon, Indonesia, where Sam (Reef-World’s Programmes Manager) and I were training a new group of Green Fins assessors. These newly certified assessors will help Reef-World expand the UN Environment Programme's Green Fins initiative and meet demand from dive shops across the country. The new assessors are each from different regions with one of the teams based here in Ambon.

The small island of Ambon is part of Indonesia’s Maluku Islands. While still a lesser known dive destination – there are only a handful of dive shops in the area – awareness of Ambon among divers is steadily growing. Recently, the destination has started to get on the radar of tourists around the world for being the only place in the world you can see the psychedelic frogfish (Histiophryne psychedelica). While this is positive for the local economy, it’s important to be aware of the speed of development; a huge boom of tourists without appropriate infrastructure and environmental practices could be hugely damaging to marine life.

For this reason, Green Fins implementation is key while this relatively “young” dive destination is still developing. By reaching the Ambon dive industry before it gets too big, the Green Fins Indonesia team can set the bar for environmental standards and make sustainable diving practices the norm in the area.

As mentioned, tourists are starting to travel to Ambon specifically to see the rare psychedelic frogfish. The problem with this is that it’s not guaranteed you’ll be able to see one during your trip – that’s nature, right? But, while it’s understandable that the psychedelic is the “star of the show”, this comes with its own environmental problems. Due to pressure from guests who want to tick rare critters off their bucket list, it can be a common practice in muck diving areas for guides to move creatures so they know where to find them or even touch or pick them up to show guests. As you might imagine, this is hugely stressful for the animals and could have a negative impact long term. A dive guide who thinks he (or she!) is only going to get a tip if they can show their guests the frogfish is going to be more likely to do anything to find it – including digging through rubble (destroying habitats in the process), touching and moving creatures.

Changing these behaviours is an education process for both guides and tourists. Part of this will be for dive shops to help tourists understand that, like us, they might not see the psychedelic – and that’s OK. The psychedelic is just one of many highlights and they’ll be treated to many other interesting (and rare!) creatures instead. Once the week of training was finished, the Reef-World team managed to squeeze in a fun dive and, in just an hour, we saw a Pikachu nudibranch (Thecacera pacifica), flamboyant cuttlefish (Metasepia pfefferi), harlequin shrimp (Hymenocera picta), bumblebee shrimp (Gnathophyllum americanum), Rhinopias, seahorses, pipefish, and lots more.

The dive site was so crammed with life that it was hard to share everything with my buddy: trying to catch her attention to show her something cool was often impossible as she was so rapt on another weird and wonderful creature. Explaining this to tourists even before they arrive can help manage expectations and get them excited about the other things they might hope to see in Ambon’s waters.


Tourists themselves also have a part to play: demanding to see the psychedelic frogfish (or other rare critterz), no matter what, puts undue pressure on the guide and is more likely to lead to irresponsible behaviours. Of course, you’d like to see one if you can (I must admit I was hoping we might be lucky!) but be prepared that it might not happen. Explain to your guide that you don’t want them to touch or move things to try to find critters for you and be sure to compliment (and tip!) guides who act as a positive environmental role model. Reward dive shops who follow good environmental practices by investing in them over less sustainable businesses. If you’ve booked with one dive shop and are unhappy with the level of manipulation of marine life underwater, for example, let them know and move to a more environmentally friendly centre. Don’t underestimate the influence of the tourism dollar!

As with many other dive destinations – developing or otherwise – Ambon dive shops face some local challenges when it comes to improving their sustainability. So, over the coming months, the Green Fins Indonesia team will be helping to source solutions for the region’s key environmental obstacles; for example, where is the nearest responsible battery disposal unit; who are the best local suppliers for biodegradable soaps, sunscreens and shampoos; and is there anywhere that collects plastic and other recycling? This becomes a two-way flow of information where dive shops and Green Fins assessors are able to work together to identify key sustainability challenges, find solutions and share them with the rest of the network. As we’ve seen elsewhere, this can help the destination reduce its environmental impact overall.

Ambon is still early in its Green Fins journey but we’re excited to see how things will progress in this fantastic muck diving destination.


UW images: Samantha Craven, The Reef-World Foundation